A ½ bath or powder room is a small bathroom that contains 2 of the 4 standard bathroom fixtures, usually a sink and a toilet. A well-planned powder room can be a valuable addition to a home. Usually located near the main living and entertaining areas, a powder room provides a convenient way for guests or residents to freshen up without navigating through the rest of the house. Plus, since a ½ bath is a small, less-used room, it can be easier to keep clean and neat than some other bathrooms in a typical home.Read More
Due to their popularity, many new homes provide a ½ bathroom on the floor plan. If you are planning a remodel to add a powder room, you may need to get creative to find space in your existing layout. You may be able to tuck a powder room underneath the stairs. Another popular option is to reduce or eliminate a hall closet to use for the powder room. A third option is to slightly reduce existing rooms, such as pulling some space from the garage.
Powder room floor plans average around 20 sq ft (about 1.9 m2) but can range from as tiny as 12 sq feet (1,1 m2) to about 30 sq feet (2.8 m2). Two common sizes are rectangular rooms around 3 ft x 6 ft (.9 m x 1.8 m) and square rooms about 5 ft x 5 ft (1.5 m x 1.5 m).
One standard powder room layout has the toilet and sink along one wall, which places all the plumbing lines together. Another typical layout, for a long, narrow room, uses a pocket door in the long wall, with a sink on one short wall and a toilet on the other. Some powder rooms can be L-shaped, with a toilet on one side and a sink on the other.
As you review and brainstorm powder room floor plans, there are two key numbers to keep in mind. In many locales, building codes require:
These types of guidelines ensure that there is adequate space to use the fixtures properly. There may be additional codes and guidelines for your specific area, so be sure to do your research before finalizing your plan.
Carefully consider which powder room wall will contain the plumbing since it can be noisy if shared with the kitchen or living room. If you must have the plumbing on a shared wall, be sure to use extra insulation.
Regarding the ½ bath entry door - make sure to check your local building regulations. A door that swings open in will not impede traffic in the hallway, whilst in some locations, it is recommended that all bathroom doors swing out. A pocket door can also be a good option for a powder room, however, it is less private.
If your powder room is on the small side of the range, consider wall-mounted sinks and toilets, which are more compact. Pedestal sinks are another excellent option due to their small footprint. You can also look for fixtures designed for tiny homes.
With some careful planning, you can create a beautiful and functional powder room that adds value and functionality to your home.