9 Things to Consider When Planning Your Bedroom Layout
Written by Celine P.
Designing the perfect layout for a bedroom can be a bit of a puzzle and a fun challenge if you know the right questions to ask.
Whether you’re trying to maximize space in a small bedroom, make room for a desk to work from home, or create a cozy sitting area in your master suite, this article will help you ask and answer the key questions needed to plan the ideal bedroom. To get going, ask yourself:
- What’s the size – small, medium, master suite?
- How will I use it – for watching TV, working, reading or just sleeping?
- What are the architectural elements – windows, fireplace, chimney breast, ensuite, doors, closet?
- What’s the view like – from the bed, of the bed and beyond?
- Where should I put the bed – for symmetry or to become the focal point?
- How should I arrange the furniture – and what do I really need?
- Do I have clear pathways and good flow – and how’s the feng shui?
- Where should I put the lighting – for the right ceiling height and coverage?
- What’s the mood I want to create – with style and furnishings?
What’s the Size?
Start with the dimensions of your bedroom for your floor plan. After all, no layout makes it possible to put a king-size bed in a tiny 7’x10’(6 m2) room and still open the door.
The ideal bedroom layout for a smaller bedroom, like a 10’x11’ (10 m2) room, might have a full- or queen-sized bed centered along the longest wall, flanked by bedside tables lit by sconces.
In a small bedroom, you will likely have smaller nightstands, and a sconce hanging above the nightstand will make it seem larger — and give you more room for your books or personal items.
But for a large 15’x20’(27m2) master suite, the ideal layout would be to might the bed and your larger nightstands along one wall to create a sleeping area, and plan a seating area near a window or in a cozy corner.
The shape of the room matters, too. A square room comes with instant symmetry, so your bed will usually go along the wall opposite the door with nightstands on each side of the bed. In a long, narrow bedroom, you can center the bed along one of the shorter walls and position a seating area opposite it.
How Will I Use It?
One of the first considerations before beginning your layout is knowing how the bedroom will be used. This is key to designing a good layout.
For TV watching, you’ll likely want to place the TV where you can see it from your bed, usually right across from your bed or perpendicular to it. If you want to work in your bedroom or if it’s the ideal space for your home office, choose a layout that includes storage around your desk.
If you’re a reader, your design should include reading lights for the bed or comfortable chairs in a reading nook. But if you’re just going to sleep in the room, create a layout that places the bed as far away as possible from noisy or drafty areas in the room.
Also, ask yourself how many people or pets will use the room. The layout for a small kid’s room for one young child might include a twin bed and play space, while a room for two older kids might need a bunk bed and two desks.
Generally, you don’t want to put a full- or queen-sized bed in a corner, but if you live alone, that layout might give you room for the reading nook you’re after.
If you have pets, make sure there’s space for them in your layout – especially if they’re St. Bernard dogs with big beds.
What’re the Architectural Elements?
Make sure your layout includes the windows, fireplace surround and mantel, ensuite bathrooms, doors, and closets.
Don’t forget the ceiling elements, like beams and vaulted ceilings. You may wish to place your bed so it takes full advantage and accentuates these elements.
Map out practical elements like electrical plugs, heating vents, and door swings on your floor plan as well. If your door is 36 inches (90 cm) wide (the standard door width), you need to plan for a three-foot (90 cm) swing.
What’s the View Like?
Visualize the view from the bed: do you want to take in the scenery outside the window when you wake up?
Do you have the luxury of a fabulous view of the ocean, mountains, or the city skyline that you don’t want to block? Can you see the fireplace from your bed?
Sometimes placing the bed in front of a window which does not offer a view is a good choice.
Also, consider what you see when you enter the bedroom. The foot of the bed is often the first thing you see when you walk in the door. Does that make the most sense for your space?
Where Should I Put the Bed?
As the most significant piece of furniture in your room, your bed will naturally be the room’s focal point. Often, the best place to put your bed is along the longest wall.
It’s a good idea to place your bed symmetrically to create a peaceful bedroom.
Sometimes, it’s easy to achieve symmetry by placing it between two windows, two columns, or two built-in shelves. You can also achieve symmetry by balancing a big, ornate bed with an armoire or placing mirrors to balance an off-center window.
How Should I Arrange the Furniture?
A good rule for furniture layout in a bedroom is to keep it simple and uncluttered, which means no unnecessary furniture.
Start with a list of what you absolutely need. If you have ample closet space, maybe you don’t need a bulky dresser. If you’re short on space, a small table that doubles as a small workspace may be a better choice than a nightstand.
But if you have a spacious master suite, you can use larger pieces of furniture and create a sitting area, entertainment area, or reading nook.
Do I Have Clear Pathways and Good Flow?
When designing your bedroom layout, keep in mind the rule of thumb of having a minimum of two feet to walk around your bed. Keep your bed accessible from both sides, especially if sharing the space with your partner.
Also, make sure not to block natural pathways through your bedroom, especially to the bathroom. Make it easy to walk from place to place!
Whether you are a Feng Shui aficionado or just interested in creating a peaceful and happy bedroom and getting a restful night’s sleep, the ancient Chinese practice has some practical advice that is worth considering.
Among the principles of Feng Shui in the bedroom are: decluttering, placing the bed on a diagonal to the door, avoiding a mirror within the sightline from the bed, using a wooden headboard, and choosing soft neutral colors.
Where Should I Put the Lighting?
The size of your bedroom, the height of your ceilings, and the access to natural light will guide your lighting decisions when you design your bedroom layout.
For bedrooms with low ceilings, flush-mount overhead and recessed pot lights work well. Flanking the bed, wall sconces, and small table lamps that provide adequate lighting for reading are excellent choices.
Grander bedrooms may call for a chandelier. A well-placed ceiling fan light can be a wise choice in warmer climates or where airflow is an issue.
A floor lamp works well to provide illumination in your reading area. If you have artwork or collections to highlight, don’t forget about accent lighting.
What’s the Mood I Want to Create?
We spend a disproportionate amount of time in our bedrooms, and most of us consider the space an oasis. But that has different meanings for each of us.
Minimize clutter and maximize modern, organic elements to create a Zen-like oasis. Pick a tufted headboard, floral fabrics, and traditional furniture for a cozier space. Use brighter, bold colors, and don’t be afraid to mix patterns if you want a more eclectic look.
Our bedroom spaces are as individual as each of us. Create a mood and style that resonates with you and suits your lifestyle. Check out our Master Bedroom Floor Plan Examples for more inspiration.
Start by measuring your bedroom, and then use a floor plan software to draw your floor plan. Make sure to create several different versions to see which bedroom layout will work best for your needs. Happy designing!